The Ruby programming language is popular among developers for its ability to allow for efficient app development while maintaining clear and organized code. It is considered by many to be both aesthetically pleasing and user-friendly.
This article will explore the features and popularity of Ruby among cloud developers. We will also discuss its various uses and compare it to other languages such as Ruby on Rails and Python. We will delve into what makes Ruby such an attractive choice for developers and its unique characteristics that set it apart from other languages.
What is the Ruby Programming Language?
Ruby is a general-purpose programming language that continues to be in high demand in the job market due to its popularity in web development. Many popular web applications, such as Twitter, SoundCloud, Goodreads, and Kickstarter, are built using Ruby on Rails, a web application framework written in Ruby. Its easy-to-read and understandable syntax, along with its powerful capabilities, make it a popular choice among developers.
Ruby is a general-purpose, dynamic and self-reflective programming language based on objects. It was created by Yukihiro Matsumoto and is considered to be a pure object-oriented language. Nearly everything in Ruby is an object, except for blocks which can be replaced by procs and lambdas. The main objective of Ruby was to serve as an intuitive bridge between human programmers and the underlying computer hardware, making it easier for developers to interact with the machine.
Ruby is known for its simple and intuitive syntax, which makes it easier to use and learn than other programming languages such as C or Java. Its syntax is designed to resemble the English language, making it accessible to those who have never written code before. If you are a beginner looking to learn a programming language, Ruby is a great choice due to its simplicity and ease of use.
Ruby was created in the mid-1990s by a Japanese computer programmer, Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto. Matsumoto, an experienced developer proficient in various programming languages such as Perl, Eiffel, Smalltalk, Lisp, and Ada, aimed to combine the best features of these languages into Ruby. As a result, Ruby combined the flexibility and power of scripting languages like Perl and the object-oriented features of languages like Smalltalk, resulting in a versatile and user-friendly programming language.
Ruby was first released to the public in 1995, but it wasn’t until 2006 that it gained widespread popularity. Since then, it has become a widely-used language with a large community of users worldwide. It is used by programmers from various industries to create high-quality applications. Additionally, numerous communities of Ruby enthusiasts come together for Ruby-centric conferences in major cities across the world.
One of the major benefits of Ruby is that it is completely open-source and free to use. This means not only is the language free to use, but the source code is also available for modification and distribution.
Ruby on Rails, often simply referred to as Rails, is a web application framework written in Ruby. It was first released in 2005 and has since become a popular tool for web development. Rails drastically simplify the process of building web applications by providing a structure for developing sophisticated and user-friendly online apps in a shorter amount of time than traditional methods.
Rails quickly gained popularity among startup business owners for its ability to enable small teams to build large-scale applications in a relatively short amount of time. Many well-known websites such as Shopify, Square, Instacart, Twitch, SoundCloud, GitHub, Kickstarter, Ask.fm, and Hulu, use the Rails framework. Its easy-to-use structure and built-in features have made it a go-to choice for web development and continue to be popular among developers today.
Ruby is a general-purpose, high-level programming language known for its ease of use, flexibility, and power. It can be used to create a wide range of applications including desktop programs, static websites, data processing services, and autonomous systems. Additionally, it can be integrated with web servers, and DevOps tools, and used for web scraping and crawling. When combined with the Rails application framework, Ruby’s capabilities are further enhanced, making it an ideal choice for creating database-driven web applications.
- Web Development
Ruby’s popularity has been greatly influenced by the Ruby on Rails framework, which revolutionized web development. Before the release of Rails in 2005, developers faced the tedious task of writing repetitive and standard code.
The Rails framework addressed this issue by providing developers with all the necessary tools to easily create scalable websites. With Rails, developers can run simple commands to generate boilerplate code, build a database model, or create an appropriate file structure. This automation allows developers to focus on the logic and unique features of the web application, rather than spending time on repetitive tasks.
- DevOps & Automation
Ruby is a well-established programming language commonly used in DevOps, website deployment, and automation. One example of its use in these fields is the popular web application deployment platform Heroku.
Heroku’s rise in popularity can be attributed to its ability to eliminate the need for DevOps engineers to test, deploy, or stage web applications. Initially, Heroku only supported applications written in Ruby, but over time it has expanded to support other languages as well.
Ruby is also used to create Vagrant, a popular tool for managing virtual machines. Vagrant allows developers to run software designed for a specific operating system on any other operating system. This enables developers to easily convert a service that only works on Linux, for example, to work on other platforms as well.
- Static Site Generation
When you visit a typical web page, the server-side code is used to construct the HTML content that is then sent to your browser. This code is located on the server of the website, and the URL you visit does not link directly to an HTML file. However, this method of HTML development is not always the best way to serve web pages to customers. A better approach is to use a static site generator such as Jekyll, which is a widely used static site generator written in Ruby.
A static website generator is software that uses code to create all the web pages for a website at once. Once generated, these web pages are saved on the server and when a user visits the website, they will see a static HTML file instead. This method makes websites more efficient, secure, and easy to set up. Static website generators are best suited for websites with fixed content.
- Web Servers
Ruby is a powerful and versatile programming language that is widely used by developers for a variety of purposes. One of the main reasons for its popularity is the Ruby on Rails framework, which revolutionized web development by making it easier and faster to create sophisticated web applications.
Additionally, Ruby is often used in DevOps, website deployment, and automation, with tools like Heroku, Vagrant, and Jekyll being examples. Furthermore, it is also supported by popular web application servers such as Passenger and Puma, which help manage processes, and resources and handle HTTP requests, making it a reliable and efficient choice for web development.
- Data Processing
Ruby also has a large number of libraries and gems that are dedicated to data processing. For example, the Ruby gem ‘DataMapper’ is an Object-Relational Mapping (ORM) library that makes it easy to interact with databases and manipulate data in a Ruby application.
Similarly, the Ruby gem ‘Nokogiri’ is a library that makes it easy to parse and manipulate XML and HTML data. These libraries and gems make it easy for developers to process and manipulate data in a Ruby application, making it a great choice for data-intensive projects.
Advantages of Using Ruby for Programming
When exploring the world of computer programming, one is likely to come across references to Ruby on Rails or the Ruby programming language. Both have gained significant popularity in recent years.
According to the official Ruby website, the language is a unique blend of imperative and functional programming concepts, designed to be both simple and easy to understand, yet powerful enough to accomplish complex tasks. Many programmers consider Ruby to be “a beautiful, artful language” and it has a dedicated following of enthusiasts.
Ruby is a powerful and versatile programming language that is widely used in web development, automation, and DevOps. Its popularity can be attributed to the Ruby on Rails framework, which revolutionized web development by making it possible to create sophisticated and user-friendly online applications in a shorter amount of time.
The Rails framework provides developers with everything they need to make scalable websites, including automated code generation, database modeling, and file structure creation. Additionally, Ruby is known for its easy-to-read syntax and built-in functions for data processing, making it a great choice for data-intensive projects.
As we mentioned before, Ruby is a general-purpose programming language that can be utilized for many purposes beyond web development. One of its most popular uses is the Ruby on Rails web framework, which is well-known for its efficiency and ease of use. However, Ruby can also be used for tasks such as automation, command-line tools, static site generation, DevOps, web scraping, and data processing.
Ruby is a versatile programming language that can be used for a variety of purposes. Its flexibility allows it to be used on various operating systems such as Windows, macOS, Linux, UNIX, and DOS.