Web technology is constantly evolving and new tools and technologies are being developed to improve the website and web application functionality and user experience. Web technology can be classified into several different categories, including the World Wide Web (WWW), web browsers, web servers, web pages, and web development.
- The World Wide Web (WWW) is the backbone of the internet and is composed of various technologies such as web browsers, Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), and Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP).
- Web browsers are application software that allows users to explore the World Wide Web (WWW) by providing a user interface between the client and the server. Users can request web documents and services from the server using a web browser.
- Web servers are programs that respond to user network requests and serve them with the files that are needed to open web pages. The exchange of files takes place using the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP).
- Web pages are digital documents that are linked to the World Wide Web and can be viewed by anyone with an internet-connected web browser.
- Web development is building and maintaining websites and includes tasks such as web programming, web publishing, web design, and database management.
Web technology can be divided into several different categories, including:
Server-side technologies, aka Back-End: These technologies are executed on the server and include languages and frameworks like PHP, Ruby on Rails, and Node.js. These technologies are responsible for handling the back-end logic and database management of web applications.
Front-End Web Technology
Front-end web development can be challenging due to the constant evolution of techniques and tools used to create the user-facing aspect of websites. It requires developers to stay updated on the latest developments.
To make an informed decision on the best front-end technology for a project, it’s essential to have knowledge about the features and capabilities of different technologies. Without this knowledge, developers risk making poor choices. To help with this, we have compiled a list of nine popular front-end technologies that can be leveraged to improve the performance of a business.
- HTML, or Hypertext Markup Language, is a markup language used for creating the structure of a website. It is a combination of markup language and hypertext, which defines links between pages. HTML is used to build the foundation of a website, while CSS is used to create the page layout, style, fonts, and colors.
- CSS, or Cascading Style Sheets, is a programming language that simplifies the process of making web pages presentable. It allows for the application of styles to web pages and can be used independently from HTML. CSS allows for quick redesigns of websites and supports different-looking pages with only the content changing.
- Web development frameworks and libraries are pre-built sets of code and tools that developers can use to build web applications more efficiently. Here are some popular front-end technologies that can be leveraged to improve the performance of a business:
- Next.js with React: Next.js is a framework that allows developers to build server-side rendering and static web applications using React. It helps to improve the efficiency of code by separating it into components.
- Backbone: Backbone JS is used to minimize HTTP requests to servers and streamline complicated UI designs. It is a lightweight library that can help to structure large apps and eliminate JQuery dependency.
- These technologies can be used in conjunction with each other to create powerful and efficient web applications. Choosing the right technology stack for a project is crucial for its success, and a top web portal development company will be able to select the best tools for the job.
Back-End Web Technology
Back-end development is the foundation of web development as it provides the functionality, scalability, and responsiveness that web and mobile applications need to operate effectively. The right back-end technology is crucial for the success of a web development project, but choosing one can be a difficult task. Here are some popular back-end technologies that are commonly used in website development:
- PHP is a server-side technology and general-purpose scripting language that is easy to use and amend information in databases. It is cost-effective as it is open-source, and it simplifies programming by providing object-relational mapping (ORM) systems and automating development tasks like URL mapping, session management, and authentication.
- Python is a popular back-end technology that provides multiple standard libraries that simplify the process of web development. It has high-level security and is widely used due to its ease of use, robust code base, and large community.
- Java is a robust back-end technology that has been around for a long time. It is proficient and widespread, and it has many perks and benefits that help developers easily solve difficult real-time problems. Java not only makes feature-rich and adaptable web applications but can also be used for mobile devices and microcontroller software development.
Choosing the right back-end technology depends on the project’s requirements and the developer’s expertise. Each of these technologies has its own strengths and weaknesses, and it’s important to consider them carefully before making a decision.
Choosing the right web technology
In summary, choosing the right web technology stack is crucial for the success of a web development project, especially for small businesses. It’s important to consider the project’s requirements and the developer’s expertise when selecting the front-end and back-end technologies. Some popular front-end technologies include React, Angular JS, and Vue JS, while Node.js, PHP, Python, and Java are popular back-end technologies.
If you are unsure about which technologies to choose, it’s recommended to reach out to a web development consultant with experience in building robust web applications for small businesses. They can provide guidance and expertise to ensure that the technology stack selected is the best fit for your organizational needs. It’s also important to note that this article is a general guide and the best technology stack for any project will depend on the unique needs and requirements of each business.